RULE IXCONTRACTIONS AND SHORTFORM WORDS
§55. NonUse of Contractions and ShortForm Words:
a. Contractions and shortform words must not be used in a word, part of word, or abbreviation when it is in direct contact with any item listed below. They must also not be used before or after the space which immediately precedes or follows a sign of comparison. In the case where transition to another braille line has been made, contractions must not be used if they could not have been used without the transition. In the case of an expression containing a hyphen or dash, only that portion between the hyphen or dash and the item with which direct contact is made subject to this rule.
verbose semantics 
cosine leftbracket 2 Arc cosecant leftparenthesis minus StartFraction
29 Over
21 EndFraction
rightparenthesis rightbracket 

.k_'s a4$ to .k_'s are .k_4
verbose semantics 
It is a fundamental principle that equals apostrophe s added to equals apostrophe s are equals period 

b. Contractions must not be used in abbreviated function names in any context. In addition, contractions must not be used in unabbreviated function names which appear in a mathematical context. In particular, the word "arc" must not be contracted when immediately preceded or followed by mathematical symbols, whether space or unspaced.
verbose semantics 
cosine leftparenthesis arc Tan x plus StartFraction
pi Over
3 EndFraction
rightparenthesis 

c. The contractions for to, into, and by must not be used before any of the items listed below. When the contraction for into may not be used, the contraction for "in" may nevertheless be used in "into" unless otherwise prohibited.
9to $ts ,a,b,c & ,d,b,c_4
verbose semantics 
Decompose rectangle Upper
A Upper
B Upper
C Upper
D into triangles Upper
A Upper
B Upper
C and Upper
D Upper
B Upper
C period 

by i .k (0, 1)
verbose semantics 
the imaginary part denoted by i equals leftparenthesis 0 comma 1 rightparenthesis 

results are .k_4
verbose semantics 
If equals apostrophe s are divided by equals apostrophe s comma the results are equals period 

by i .k (0, 1)
verbose semantics 
the imaginary part denoted by i equals leftparenthesis 0 comma 1 rightparenthesis 

+the numb] ( p :o g 0tra9
verbose semantics 
From leftparenthesis 1 rightparenthesis to leftparenthesis 5 rightparenthesis period 

d. The st and th contractions must not be used for ordinal endings when these are attached to numerals, letters, or other mathematical expressions. If an ordinal ending is composed of only one letter, follow the ink print.
verbose semantics 
i th comma j th comma k th comma period period period comma leftparenthesis n minus 1 rightparenthesis th period 

e. The onecell whole word alphabet contractions for but, can, . . . , you, as and the onecell lowersign wholeword contractions for be, enough, were, his, in, was, whether capitalized, italicized, or neither, must not be used when these words are in direct contact with any grouping symbol. The contractions, wholeword or partword, for and, for, of, the, with, whether capitalized, italicized, or bold and any contraction of the types mentioned above, the rule still applies. When this rule precludes the use of a contraction in one part of a word, no part of the word may be contracted.
repres5ts an 9teg]4
verbose semantics 
The x leftparenthesis in the example above rightparenthesis represents an integer period 

verbose semantics 
leftparenthesis quote Can you find the answer questionmark quote rightparenthesis 

f. Contractions must be used when they are likely to be mistaken for mathematical expressions.
posi;n4
§56. Use of Contractions and ShortForm Words: Subject to the conditions of §55, the use of contractions and shortform words of English Braille must be used.
verbose semantics 
leftparenthesis rate rightparenthesis times leftparenthesis time rightparenthesis equals leftparenthesis distance rightparenthesis 

verbose semantics 
energy equals mass times leftparenthesis speed of light rightparenthesis squared 

verbose semantics 
leftparenthesis people who travel by car rightparenthesis slash leftparenthesis 100 children rightparenthesis 
